Fraser Island Facts
Fraser Island sits along the edge of the Continental Shelf, protecting the mainland coast from strong seas caused by storms in the Coral Sea & forming a safe channel for small boats.
Fraser Island stretches 123 kilometres form north to south with an average width of 14 kilometres ranging up to 22 kilometres at its widest. The sand dunes reach a height of 240 metres & the Island has a total land mass of 168.8 square kilometres. The Island has a permanent resident population of 100 people approx, & it is estimated that 500,000 visitors come to the island every year.
Ouststanding features such as plants, lakes, swamps, sandblows, beaches & wetlands all combine to make Fraser Island so magnificent.
*20 kilometres of spectacular cliff faces & coloured sands.
*Rugged Volcanic Outcrops.
*Over 40 Dune Lakes
*Extensive & Colourful Wildflower strewn Heathlands.
*Tall dense rainforest growing in sand ! Some towering above clear freshwater streams filled with eels & turtles.
*Vast surfaces of mobile sand moving across the landscape.
Fraser Island attained its World Heritage listing in December 1992 in recognition of the islands exceptional sand dune systems; its rainforests on sand & its pristine lakes.
Flora And Fauna
There are more than 300 species of native animals living on Fraser Island. Some of these include the Ground Parrot & the Giant Burrowing Cockroach. Turtles, freshwater fish & Acid Frogs live in the lakes while Sea Turtles, Dugong, Tiger Sharks, Large Stingrays, Dolphins & migrating Humpback Whales are found in the waters surrounding the Island.
Fraser Island is a birdwatchers paradise with White Bellied Sea Eagles, Wading Birds, Brahminy Kites, Crested Terns, Honey Eaters, Fairy Wrens, Flycatchers & Robins to name just a few. There are fewer mammals on the Island than on the mainland. The mountain possum can be found in the rainforests while Glider Possums feed on Eucalypt or Wattle blossoms.
The Island Dingoes are the purest population in eastern Australia, having been isolated from domestic dogs. Dingoes are wild animals & while they are not usually dangerous, feeding, handling & interaction by visitors has caused some dingoes to become aggressive.
Fraser Islands sandy soils support a rich & varied plant life form dune creepers that flower to tall rainforests. Fraser Island is one of the few places in the world where rainforests grow on sand.
Frasers vegetation is not made up of only tall forests. The lowlands are occupied by Wallum Heathlands which consist of shrublands, Scribbly Gum Trees & Wallum Banksia. The Heathlands spring to colour during August & September when the wildflowers are in bloom. The western coastline of Fraser Island is fringed with hardwoods of Satinay, Brushbox & Tallow Wood. Fraser Islands Satinay has been used in London's Tilbury Docks & was used for sidings in the Suez Canal.
More than 600 plant species grow on the Island, some of which are rare & threatened with extinction.